Young people to smoke is not as strong as it seem

On April 24, according to Vapingpost, an analysis combining 17 studies to investigate whether e-cigarette use is related to subsequent smoking showed that the evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smoke is not as strong as it seems .

Research findings conducted by researchers from the University of Bristol Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group (TARG) with the support of Bristol’s MRC Integrated Epidemiology Unit (IEU) and NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Center (BRC) , Young non-smokers of e-cigarette users are almost five times more likely to smoke than ordinary people.

However, these findings do not provide conclusive evidence about the so-called “gateway effect” or the theory that nebulization causes smoking. “Policy makers have used the results of the research, including the research we conducted in this study, to support strict supervision of e-cigarettes, including restrictions on flavors and even complete bans, but evidence suggests that the use of e-cigarettes may lead to young people Human smoking is not as strong as it seems.” said Jasmine Khouja, a TARG PhD student in the School of Psychological Sciences.

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The research team found some research-related problems in the analysis, and concluded that smoking is not suitable for using electronic cigarettes. Although the association between e-cigarette use by non-smokers and subsequent smoking appears to be strong, the available evidence is not reliable because the data was collected through self-reported measurements of smoking history rather than biochemical verification.

In addition, none of the studies included negative controls that would show whether the association is causal. For this reason, experts in reducing the harm of tobacco have long pointed out that the correlation between cigarettes and e-cigarettes cannot be considered causal, that is, because personality factors also need to be considered. Young people have a higher tendency to experiment than other age groups. Moreover, those who tend to experiment with personality types may be involved in a variety of substances, including electronic cigarettes and regular cigarettes.

The researchers added: “Many of the evidence does not take into account the nicotine content of e-cigarettes used by non-smokers, which means it is difficult to conclude whether nicotine is the mechanism that causes this association.” They concluded that future research The problems that have been highlighted should be addressed, and the correlation between e-cigarettes and smoking should be analyzed by using more advanced tests.On April 24, according to Vapingpost, an analysis combining 17 studies to investigate whether e-cigarette use is related to subsequent smoking showed that the evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smoke is not as strong as it seems .

Research findings conducted by researchers from the University of Bristol Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group (TARG) with the support of Bristol’s MRC Integrated Epidemiology Unit (IEU) and NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Center (BRC) , Young non-smokers of e-cigarette users are almost five times more likely to smoke than ordinary people.

However, these findings do not provide conclusive evidence about the so-called “gateway effect” or the theory that nebulization causes smoking. “Policy makers have used the results of the research, including the research we conducted in this study, to support strict supervision of e-cigarettes, including restrictions on flavors and even complete bans, but evidence suggests that the use of e-cigarettes may lead to young people Human smoking is not as strong as it seems.” said Jasmine Khouja, a TARG PhD student in the School of Psychological Sciences.

The research team found some research-related problems in the analysis, and concluded that smoking is not suitable for using electronic cigarettes. Although the association between e-cigarette use by non-smokers and subsequent smoking appears to be strong, the available evidence is not reliable because the data was collected through self-reported measurements of smoking history rather than biochemical verification.

In addition, none of the studies included negative controls that would show whether the association is causal. For this reason, experts in reducing the harm of tobacco have long pointed out that the correlation between cigarettes and e-cigarettes cannot be considered causal, that is, because personality factors also need to be considered. Young people have a higher tendency to experiment than other age groups. Moreover, those who tend to experiment with personality types may be involved in a variety of substances, including electronic cigarettes and regular cigarettes.

The researchers added: “Many of the evidence does not take into account the nicotine content of e-cigarettes used by non-smokers, which means it is difficult to conclude whether nicotine is the mechanism that causes this association.” They concluded that future research The problems that have been highlighted should be addressed, and the correlation between e-cigarettes and smoking should be analyzed by using more advanced tests.

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